How To Use An Espresso Machine – Instructions For Coffee Lovers

These days, practically everyone starts their day with a cup of coffee, as it is a popular pick-me-up beverage. Given that, espresso machines are undoubtedly becoming more and more common due to their outstanding features for creating an excellent coffee experience. How to use an espresso machine? You first need to get used to the machine’s structure before preparing to make a coffee shot.

What Are Required To Make Espresso Using An Espresso Maker?

Making outstanding coffee requires an understanding of how espresso machines operate. The intense pressure to brew coffee and water during espresso is the primary distinction between espresso and most other brewing methods. It has the dual benefits of speeding up the brewing process and extracting more flavorful oils from the coffee, giving espresso its renowned, robust flavor and aroma.

But accuracy is necessary to make the best espresso. The recommendations below are a reasonably decent starting point for you to experiment with, even if different beans and blends necessitate other brewing conditions for the ideal extraction.

Espresso Machine

Espresso Roast Or Dark Roast Coffee Beans 


Although other brewing techniques also use pressure, an espresso machine produces unrivaled pressure bars. A simple manual maker like an Aeropress will only produce 0.35 to 0.7 bars, while a Moka pot would produce approximately 1.5 bars. However, the ideal espresso is made at a whopping 9 bars.

Your machine’s pressure depends on the quantity of coffee you use, the grind, and the tamp.

Hot Water

To maximize the release of the oils and flavor components found in the beans, we should prepare espresso at a temperature slightly below boiling (the process known as extraction).

However, if the water is just a little too hot, the grounds will be scorched or burned and will taste bitter between 195 and 205 deg F in the sweet spot for the perfect brewing temperature, which is neither too hot nor too cold.

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Learn About The Espresso Machine’s Structure

Steam Wand 

This is a long metal tube that emits steam. It will feature a lever or knob to control the steam flow. Multiple steam wands may be present in large devices.


A portafilter is made by combining a handle, a stopper, and a brew basket. This is where the espresso is brewed from the grounds.

Hot Water Spigot

This spigot pumps out hot, boiling water for Americanos and tea.

Group head 

The portafilter is fastened to the group head in order to brew coffee. Multiple group heads are present in large machines. A metal filter and a rubber gasket are located higher inside the group head.

Warming Rack 

The majority of the time, only commercial devices have this feature. The top of the apparatus is intentionally warmed to heat mugs before the coffee is poured into them.

Shot Button

These buttons allow water to flow into the portafilter from the machine. They can be programmed to satisfy different tastes. Usually, the icons are single shot, single long, double shot, and double long. Additionally, there is frequently a hot water button for the hot water spigot and a “free pour” button.

Pressure & Temperature Dial

Many machines will have a preset pressure and temperature.

7 Steps To Use An Espresso Machine

Clean The Machine 

Most espresso machines operate better for longer if they are routinely flushed through before use. It doesn’t matter if you are using your device for the first time, it is brand new, or you want to keep your appliance in the best possible shape. Set your machine to brew while leaving the portafilter in place. If you also plan to use the steam wand, follow the same procedure. Whatever, if you have a Breville espresso machine at home or else, you need to make sure that your machine is always clean.

Set Heat And Pressure 

You can regulate the water temperature in a boiler using a lot of home and almost all business equipment. To maximize extraction without burning the coffee grounds, as we previously stated, you want a temperature in the range of 195-205 deg F. To perfect your brew, play around with your settings and make notes.

Many machines will have a preset pressure, but if you can control it, you should aim for a pressure of about 9 bars.

Add Purified Water 

Unless your unit is plumbed in, water is added to the reservoir at the back of it. Additionally, the water you use is crucial. Mineral-rich tap water also has impurities in it.

Although safe in the proportions detected, chlorine and chloride are used to purify water and can alter the flavor. A regular coffee machine descaler and coffee machine cleanser will prevent limescale from deteriorating your espresso maker. Although some baristas advise only using distilled water, filtered water works just as well for making good espresso and maintaining your equipment.

Dose And Grind Coffee Beans 

Set your grinder to a delicate grind setting; don’t stress too much about getting it “perfect” just yet; we’ll get to that later.

Place your portafilter on the scale, tare it out, and then put around 20 grams of ground coffee in your portafilter. Writing down how much you used can help you maintain consistency while dialing in, so do so.

Simply grind into your portafilter if you have an espresso maker with a built-in grinder.

Tamp Your Grounds To Make The Bed Even 

Before tamping, you want your beans to be approximately dispersed evenly. The espresso grinds can be leveled off with the side of your finger, as we demonstrated above, or you can softly touch the portafilter’s side with your hand.


Once you’ve completed that, you may begin tamping.

When tamping, you must press straight down; you do not want an uneven puck. Although the conventional wisdom of 30 pounds of pressure is probably excessive, you’ll want to apply a significant amount of pressure to her. To ensure that you always have a flat top, a good rule to follow is to tamp until the grounds stop settling.

To shine the espresso puck’s top, quickly rotate your tamper. You’re ready to start brewing once you remove any excess grinds that may be stuck to the top or sides of your portafilter.

Pull Your First Shot 

Measure the time it takes to hit 2 ounces while you are pulling this shot (the typical size of a double shot). The ideal time for each pull is between 20 and 30 seconds.

You have technically made espresso if you are in this range. It should be magnificent, black, sweet, and rich. But in actuality, this initial shot is just setting a baseline.

Steam Milk

Pour cold milk into a stainless steel milk pitcher before using the steam wand on your machine. Quickly turn it on to get rid of any moisture that may have built up in your steamer wand.

After that, lower the steamer wand tip into the milk. Activate your steamer, then froth the milk to the appropriate consistency. Throughout this procedure, maintain the steamer wand slightly below the surface.

When the milk has reached the required level of foaminess, put the tip into the milk and continue steaming until the milk reaches the correct temperature. To keep things hygienic, clean your wand and give it a quick purge.

Heat is the secret to making milk froth. If you use too little or too much, your foam won’t hold together, and your milk will taste scorched. You’ll develop a feel for it if you practice, practice.

How Do You Make Coffee With An Espresso Machine? 

You prepare an Americano when using an espresso machine to make drip coffee. American service members stationed in Italy during World War II searching for a more familiar cup of coffee helped popularize the Americano. As you would typically, prepare your espresso and gradually add hot water to achieve the desired strength. Here is a guide on how to make an Americano.

Can You Use Regular Coffee Beans In An Espresso Machine? 

In an espresso machine, standard coffee beans can be used. On the other hand, espresso mixes are deliberately made to have low acidity. At the same time, normal coffee beans used in more commonplace extraction techniques may embrace their strong acidity. It can be difficult to get past this, which leads to sour espresso.

How Do I Make A Single Shot Of Espresso? 

A single-shot portafilter basket or a double-shot basket with a dual spout and two cups can be used to prepare one shot of espresso. Even though single-shot baskets utilize less coffee, you still need to alter your dosage and time. While double-shot baskets with twin spouts will waste part of your (potentially expensive) coffee beans, they won’t modify how you normally make a double.

Can I Make Espresso Without A Machine?

Yes, it is possible to prepare espresso without a machine. However, getting the necessary pressure to produce the perfect espresso will be challenging.


We believe that this article was helpful for you and that you are now ready to start pulling shots at home. How to use an espresso machine? With frequent practice, you’ll soon be able to compete with your neighborhood barista. You may experience all the fun of brewing espresso if you take notes and stay engaged in the process.

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