How To Make Espresso – Good Guide

The Italian method of making expresso is exceptionally unique and popular among coffee lovers. Espresso gives the taster a rich, bitter taste with a smooth foam on top of the cup. Enjoying espresso at home is something most people love when the weather gets uncomfortable. Therefore, knowing how to make espresso and operate coffee machines will enrich your bartending skills.

What Is Espresso?

An intense shot of coffee is an espresso. You use superfine grounds and pressured, scorching hot water instead of boiling water and coffee grounds with a coffee machine. The outcome is a shot of highly aromatic and concentrated coffee with a rich crema that combines steaming water and air with coffee oils. Then you can drink it straight as espresso. 

Because espresso frequently has a thicker consistency than a conventional brew, it has evolved into the base for numerous beverage varieties. You can use it to make lattes, cappuccinos, macchiatos, or my favorite, the espresso martini, by adding various amounts of steamed milk, foam, and alcohol.

Espresso’s origins can be traced back to the Middle Ages. Italians used small cups or bowls called “demitasse” to press boiling water through finely-ground coffee beans to make dark coffee. Then espresso is the most widely used brewing coffee in Europe, especially in Italy and Spain. If you know how to make espresso at home, you need to do it right now.

The three dissolved aspects of this beverage make it unique as well:

  • Hanging solids
  • Gas bubbles and foam layer
  • Droplets of oil are emulated

General Directions

You can make a great espresso in a variety of ways. Instead of an espresso machine, you can use a Nespresso machine, a stovetop coffee pot, or even instant coffee. No matter what kind of home barista you want to be, you must understand the fundamentals of espresso and how to use the machine. The following instructions will help you to work with the espresso machine.

Choose Your Kind Of Coffee

Even with great equipment, you can’t drink a good espresso if you don’t start with good coffee. Although traditional espresso is prepared with a darker roast, you can also use lighter roasted coffees, depending on your preference. You have the right to experience each flavor and pick out your favorite one. Professional roasters always strive to create a coffee mixture with a balanced and pleasant taste during espresso-making. In addition, they also need to maintain their best characteristics when served with milk.

However, you need to pay attention to their freshness, whatever roasted coffee you choose. You should also not use just burning coffee because it contains a lot of CO2. Therefore, roasted coffee needs to be rested for a few days to release this amount of CO2. You should have roasted coffee within a few weeks and use a package of roasted coffee that is opened as quickly as possible. In addition, to precisely track the expiry date of the roasted coffee package, you can carefully look at the information on the stamp.

Some people advise keeping your coffee beans in the fridge or freezer to keep them fresh, but experts haven’t proven it yet. However, you only have to store it in an airtight container in a cool, dark place instead of taking the risk of increasing humidity and sticking odors to them. Once again, remember to use it promptly. The best way is to buy the amount of coffee corresponding to when you use it. That helps you always enjoy the freshest coffee.

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Grinding And Weigh The Coffee

Weight tremendously affects the texture and taste of the drink. To get maximum accuracy, you should use a scale to weigh each shot of coffee. That ensures that you always practice the right step at a time.

The typical amount of coffee needed for one espresso shot is 6 to 8 grams. A standard coffee dose for a double espresso shot (approximately 2 ounces) is between 13 and 18 grams. However, the amount of coffee also needs to be adjusted separately for each type of machine.

As a general rule, espresso coffee needs to be finely ground—less coarse than sand—but not too fine ground that water can go through the portafilter.

Distribute And Tamp Your Shot

After weighing your proper amount of coffee grinds, you may add them to the espresso basket (portafilter) to the point where it slightly overflows the top. Set the filled portafilter to a flat surface like a counter. With a tamper, compact the grounds to form an espresso disk in the portafilter after evenly distributing them with a finger. To maintain uniform brewing from one shot to the next, performing this task at the same pressure each time is critical. 

Another way you can practice is by placing the portafilter on a folded towel before tamping. Alternatively, a knock box works best for tamping and removing used grinds. For the ideal espresso shot, the coffee grinds should be as level and straight as possible.

Pull A Good Shot

Before placing the portafilter back into the machine, you should purge it by running it briefly to clear the ground head. Then, place the portafilter into the device. Put your demitasse glass underneath, and pull your shot. A demitasse glass is a 2- to 3-ounce glass designed to hold espresso. 

We suggest the shot time is between 24 and 30 seconds to reach that ratio. Some devices will let you control the shot’s duration. But finding your favorite will require skill with your particular machine and numerous taste tests. 

If your machine has a problem, such as pulling shots faster or slower, there may be a situation where your grind size is turned off. Make adjustments to achieve your desired time goals.

An adequately pulled shot of espresso will result in a blend of caramel brown and lighter blond tones. It has a bright color, and the taste may be slightly sour. You should change to a smoother grinding mode if it is too acidic.

Everything would look good visually if it had the following characteristics: a large amount of viscous liquid with a caramel-colored crema on top. Next, taste it to judge your skills with each espresso. The shortest way to improve your espresso skills is to train your taste by tasting and adjusting again and again.

To prevent coffee accumulation inside the portafilter, you should wash and dry it after each use. Also, clean and wipe the milk-foam wand.

Add Milk (If you Like) And Enjoy Your Espresso

Right now, you can enjoy your espresso. 

Then, if you want to prepare a latte or another milk-based beverage, you must steam your milk. First, turn the steam wand on to clear any condensation before inserting it. If you don’t, you’ll receive a lot of hot water dribbles in your milk before the pump is ready, primarily if you use the Infuser. Set both hands on the pitcher (you’ll need to feel the milk’s temperature to know when it’s ready to steam) and place the wand’s nozzle at an angle close to the pitcher wall. Keep the nozzle slightly below the milk’s surface and maintain a gentle hiss rather than a loud screech or gurgle, which produces unwelcome giant bubbles.

Gradually pour the steamed milk into the espresso glass, taking your time to make sure the foam is the last item to go in. Give it more flavor if you’d like, and you’re done! We can complete this process more quickly because many coffee makers come with steamer tubes.

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Some Useful Machine

There are some types of espresso machines with some characteristics we explored:

  • Espresso machines with a pour-over or reservoir

Pros: You can move it quickly and do not need to install the devices.

Cons: Because of its size, you need to refill it regularly. It also requires frequent cleaning.

  • Espresso machines with direct connections or plumbing

Pros: Never-ending supply of water; No need to be concerned about breaking your device; Can produce espresso in large volumes.

Cons: It needs professional installation. It’s hard for you to relocate.

  • Espresso makers with two boilers

Pros: There is no pause between shots. It provides a milk-steaming option.

Cons: Pricey compared to single boiler machines. It’s pretty cumbersome.

Other Espresso-Making Methods

Moka Pot Espresso

A stovetop technique called the Moka Pot uses steam pressure to brew robust coffee. It is well-liked in Europe and the US, making a beautifully rich cup of coffee. You can substitute it for espresso drinks even if it doesn’t quite taste like espresso. Moka Pot tastes excellent. However, it is not for those who hate the bold taste of coffee. Because Moka Pot has strong dark roasted coffee, it makes a 5-ounce cup, while espresso is between 1 and 2 ounces. To make Moka Pot, follow the instructions:

  • Pour water into the fill line in the Moka pot’s lower chamber.
  • Evenly distribute your coffee grounds throughout the filter basket without being too compressed. You may brush away loose coffee grounds near the edge of the filter basket. Screw on the spouted top after inserting it into the bottom compartment.
  • Set the pot on a burner with a medium heat setting. As soon as you notice a hissing or bubbling sound, remove the heat (after about five minutes).
  • Pour right away into your preferred container.

French Espresso

If you already own one, the French press is a fantastic way to brew espresso. It is an excellent option for preparing espresso without a specially designed machine. Its flavor is similar to the actual thing. French press typically requires a coarse grind and doesn’t produce espresso-level pressure. Therefore, even if you drink a strong cup from a French press, it will also be weaker coffee than the alternatives indicated above. The French Espresso can’t produce much foamy crema, and your cup will have some sediment. To succeed, use these techniques:

  • After removing the French press cover, let’s add two tablespoons of medium-fine dark roast coffee to the glass carafe’s bottom.
  • Sprinkle a tiny bit of the carafe’s coffee grounds with some hot water (about 200°F). With the remaining hot water, pour it into the coffee after allowing it to bloom (warm and hydrate) for about 30 seconds.
  • Add a tiny bit of hot (about 200°F) water to the coffee grounds in the carafe. After giving the coffee time to bloom (warm and hydrate) after about 30 seconds, add the remaining hot water.
  • Steep the coffee for about 4 minutes. You can keep it longer, but make sure it’s not over-extracted.
  • Press the plunger down slowly with uniform pressure. When the plunger reaches the half cylinder, pull it to the top and press down again to the bottom.
  • Pour the coffee into a carafe or mug while maintaining the plunger’s bottom position.

Aeropress Espresso

A single cup of coffee is brewed in a plastic cylinder known as an Aeropress. It is a practical way to prepare coffee because it is portable, affordable, and simple to clean. The 2005 invention of the AeroPress makes it mobile and lightweight. It brews coffee by pressing down on a plunger to generate air pressure, which filters the liquid into a cup. Utilizing an AeroPress:

  • Insert a paper filter into the filter cover. Then use hot water to wet the filter and lid. Finally, pour the water out.
  • Place the AeroPress firmly over a mug or carafe after screwing the filter cap into the chamber.
  • Add an amount of ground coffee with the desired smoothness to the chamber, then add boiling water and stir well.
  • Insert the plunger and carefully depress it until it touches the ground.

Compared to other methods, Aeropress espresso tastes more bitter and flat and lacks a distinctive crema.


How do you feel after wandering in espresso methods? There must be many techniques that need to be deepened and practiced by you. Carefully select your preferred style and do it right away! After getting good results, improve your espresso skills day by day. Also, share how to make espresso with friends and relatives to expand the espresso world around you.

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