How To Make Espresso At Home? – Step-by-step Guide

Nothing beats a bitter, rich espresso shot topped with a layer of foamy crema. This Italian coffee-making method is at the top of our coffee-making methods. Even better, once you master espresso, you’ll be able to make a variety of espresso drinks like latte, cappuccino, flat white, macchiato and others.

Can you learn how to make espresso at home? Is it possible to make espresso without a machine? Here are five ways to make espresso, ranked by preference and with pros and cons.

How To Make Espresso At Home?

Espresso is an Italian method of preparing coffee in concentrated shots. A single espresso shot weighs one ounce, and a double shot weighs two. 

Espresso can be drunk in small cups or used as the foundation for popular espresso drinks such as the Americano, latte, cappuccino, and others. Water is forced through finely-ground coffee beans at high pressure to make espresso. Crema is a light brown foam that adds a rich flavor and frothy texture to an espresso shot.

Which is the best way to make espresso at home? A countertop espresso machine is a way to go if you want high-quality espresso. The flavor is superior to any other method you’ll find! However, a few different techniques can come close to excellent espresso.

Espresso Machine

Which is the best way to make espresso? With a coffee machine! Here’s what you should know:

A countertop espresso machine produces the best espresso, hands down. It tastes just like a coffee shop, with a thick layer of crema on top. This machine is similar to a barista: it sits on the countertop and grinds the coffee. Many espresso machines include a steaming wand, which produces the best-steamed milk for lattes and cappuccinos.

Pros And Cons

Countertop espresso machines are the most expensive option, ranging from $300 to several thousand dollars. However, the high quality is worth it if you’re a purist. This is the best option for a coffee connoisseur looking for a high-quality in-home espresso experience.

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How To Do It

Grind the coffee: 

Use around 9 grams of espresso roast coffee for a single shot and 18 grams for a double shot. Grind the coffee to an extremely fine powder. Your machine will need a varied grind for different bean roasts and brands. It could take a few test runs to get it correct.

Pack and tamp the coffee grounds: 

Tamp the coffee grinds into the espresso basket (portafilter) halfway. Tamp the grinds into the portafilter evenly, pushing forcefully until thoroughly crushed. Tamp the portafilter on a folded towel before tamping, or tamp and dispose of spent grinds with a knock box. The coffee grinds have to be as even and fine as possible to achieve the ideal espresso shot.

Pull the shot: 

Press the shot button after inserting the portafilter into the espresso machine. For this, most home espresso machines offer an automated setting. A well-pulled espresso shot will have a rich taste and a lovely frothy crema and will last around 25 to 30 seconds.

Consider the following changes: 

It takes time to master the coffee grind and the amount of coffee to use: practice makes perfect! Add a few extra coffee grounds or pound the coffee finer if the shot is too watery. If a single shot takes more than 30 seconds, reduce the number of coffee grounds or use a coarser grind.

Portable Espresso Maker

Our second option is much less expensive but comparable in quality to an espresso machine: a manual portable espresso maker! This is what it is:

The best way to produce espresso without a machine is with a portable espresso maker. With this small device, you can push water manually through the coffee into the cup—the device’s tiny, portable, and convenient for travel or taking to the office.

Pros And Cons

The portable espresso maker produces slightly lower quality espresso than the espresso machine: the flavor isn’t quite as tasty, and the crema isn’t quite as rich and plentiful. The taste, on the other hand, is surprisingly good, and at $65, it’s a steal! It’s also small and portable, making it ideal for storing in cabinets or transporting.

How To Do It?

To use this device, follow the instructions on the package.

French Press

The French press is an extraordinary method for producing espresso, and it is ideal if you already own one. Because the flavor is so close to the real thing, this is our top pick for how to make espresso without using a fancy machine.

A French press is a small pitcher that is used to brew coffee. It’s most commonly used for brewed coffee, but it also works for espresso.

Pros And Cons

The French press cannot produce a foamy crema like the first two methods and will result in some sediment in your cup. However, brewed coffee comes close to the flavor of authentic espresso. It’s excellent for making espresso for coffee drinks or affogato. Most French presses cost around $35 to $40 and can also be used to produce brewed coffee.

How To Do It

The basic concept behind French press espresso is as follows: It’s quick and easy. This method works flawlessly, so

  • Grind the coffee: To a medium-fine grind, grind 1/2 cup of coffee beans.
  • Heat up the water: 3/4 cup + 2 tablespoons hot but not boiling water (200 to 205°F)
  • Wait 4 minutes after adding the coffee: Fill the French press halfway with medium fine ground espresso coffee. Pour in hot water and stir to combine. Set a timer for 4 minutes.
  • Plunge: Place the lid back on the French press and slowly press all the way down on the plunger.

Moka Pot

The Moka Pot is ideal for making dark, powerfully flavored coffee. It’s not precisely espresso, but it tastes so close that you can substitute it. It tastes like an Americano rather than espresso. Another brand name for the Moka Pot is Bialetti.

The Moka Pot is a stovetop technique that forces steam through coffee grinds to produce strong coffee. It is well-known in Europe and the United States for making a deliciously rich cup of coffee.

Pros And Cons

The taste produced by a Moka Pot is terrific. It is, however, a robust dark roast coffee, not espresso (it does not get a crema and lacks some of the richness in terms of flavor). It creates a 5 oz cup, compared to 1 oz for a single espresso shot and 2 oz for a double shot. It is, nevertheless, a fantastic choice for espresso drinks! At $35 for one pot, it’s a deal.

How To Do It?

Are you ready to make Moka Pot coffee? The procedure is quick and straightforward, taking less than 10 minutes. Here’s what you should do:

  • Grind the coffee to a fine grind, such as an espresso grind or slightly larger.
  • Pour in the bottom half of the pot with cold filtered water until it reaches the valve.
  • Add the coffee and put it all together: Fill the funnel halfway with coffee grounds, but don’t tamp them down. Insert the funnel into the pot’s bottom section. Screw the top until it is just finger-tight.
  • Wait for 5 to 7 minutes for the coffee to brew: Water will rise through the coffee and fill the pot to the brim. Coffee will begin to bubble after 3 to 5 minutes. After about 2 minutes, you’ll hear it rapidly boiling: listen as the volume and frequency of the boiling sound increases. The coffee is ready when the sound dissipates into the air, and you hear a loud gurgling sound. Remove from the heat.
  • Examine the coffee: Lift the lid of the pot and look inside once the heat has been turned off. The chamber should be brimming with coffee. If not, return the pot to the heat and keep heating it until the coffee is ready.

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Although AeroPress may be used to create espresso, we do not recommend it for flavor. Only use this if it is your only option!

An AeroPress is a plastic single-cup coffee maker. This is portable, cheap, and easy to clean, making it an ideal way to prepare coffee.

Pros And Cons

The AeroPress is a deal at $30. This procedure, however, results in severe taste compromises. AeroPress espresso is bitterer and more flat than other processes, and it lacks a characteristic crema. Use this procedure only as a final resort.

How To Do It?

  • Heat the water in an electric teapot to 200 to 205°F.
  • Three tablespoons (18 grams) of espresso coffee beans, finely ground (but not super fine, or it will be too hard to plunge).
  • Place the circular filter in the AeroPress basket and dampen it thoroughly. Screw the basket onto AeroPress’s end.
  • Get the coffee grounds into the AeroPress and lightly tamp with a cocktail muddler. Place it on top of a mug that is empty.
  • Fill the AeroPress with 85 grams of water (1 1/2 mark). 
  • Wait 45 seconds before proceeding. Insert the plunger into the AeroPress’s top. Gently press down until the plunger is fully pressed to the bottom; a hiss of air will be released. 
  • Unscrew the basket from the AeroPress and place it over a compost bucket or garbage can. To release the filter and grounds, press down on the plunger. Rinse the AeroPress till ready to use again.


Pros And Cons

There is one crucial question to address: does Keurig make espresso? The answer is no; it does not. Because most Keurigs are designed to brew regular coffee, you can only approximate espresso. Espresso machines use both hot water and high pressure to produce espresso, whereas Keurig machines do not.

Instead, we’ll make small cups of concentrated coffee that will taste like espresso. You won’t get much crema, the unique foam that tops espresso shots, but you might get a little. Still, if you’re curious about how to make espresso with a Keurig, here are the simple steps.

How To Do It?

  • Select the appropriate K-Cups.

Dark and robust K-Cups will work best for simulating espresso. We recommend choosing a delicious dark roast, such as Rude Awakening’s chocolatey K-Cups, because the classic espresso flavors are bold dark roasts.

  • Use the smallest cup size available on your machine.

The typical coffee-to-water ratio for espresso is 1:2, which means one part coffee to two parts water. To approximate this, use the smallest amount of water available in your Keurig. Pour 6 ounces of water into the reservoir of Keurig Mini. You can choose the tiniest cup size button in other models.

  • Placing a cup beneath the brew head, press the brew button.

To catch the coffee, we recommend using a larger cup. Espresso cups are adorable, but they won’t work as well with a Keurig — there may be splashes or overflows. As soon as the coffee is hot and ready, pour it into an espresso cup.

  • Fill espresso cups halfway with coffee.

Pour your coffee into espresso cups to make it feel more like espresso. Although there won’t be much crema, the small cups will feel more like espresso.

  • Serve and have fun!

Instant Espresso

Pros And Cons

Instant espresso powder is a quick and easy way to add coffee flavor to your baked goods. You can add a heaping spoon to brownies, cakes, or cookies to add flavor and complexity, especially if the recipe calls for chocolate. You can also utilize instant espresso to make your own plain espresso. Though it will not taste exactly like freshly brewed espresso, it will satisfy your caffeine and coffee cravings.

How To Do It?

  • Pour one teaspoon of instant espresso powder into a cup, followed by 6 to 8 oz. hot or cold water.
  • Stir the espresso powder and water together with a spoon until thoroughly combined.
  • Assess your beverage. If it’s not strong enough, add more espresso powder and taste it again. Repeat this process until the desired strength is reached. After one tsp., the drink will most likely be too weak; you may need to add up to 1 or 2 tbsp. Or more of the powder before it gets to the desired consistency. However, starting with less gives you more control over the flavor of the drink and prevents you from accidentally making it too strong.
  • If desired, add additional flavorings. Sugar, milk, and flavored syrups can all be used to enhance the depth and flavor of your drink. Stir well to incorporate these flavors, then serve your instant espresso.

What Are The Distinctions Between Coffee And Espresso?

There are three significant distinctions between espresso and regular coffee:

  • Type Of Bean: Espresso is typically made from specific espresso beans, whereas coffee is made from roasted coffee beans. However, this isn’t a significant distinction because you can make espresso from the right coffee beans and coffee from espresso beans.
  • Method Of Preparation: The most important difference between coffee and espresso is the method of preparation. Espresso is created by passing hot water through finely ground and tightly packed coffee grounds. This process brings out the strong flavor that we associate with espresso. Coffee is typically made by allowing hot water and grounds to mingle for a more extended period of time, and the brewing process is slower.
  • Crema: Espresso has a signature layer of foam known as crema at the top when made with expensive equipment. When standard coffee is brewed, there is no foam.

What Is The Best Grind Or Consistency For Espresso Coffee?

Espresso is typically made with finely ground beans. This grind size influences how water passes through the granules, which in turn affects how an espresso tastes. You can fine-tune your espresso by adjusting the fineness of your grind to produce a brew that perfectly highlights the flavor notes of your coffee. If you want delicious espresso, aim for a grind that is similar to the table salt that you use in the kitchen.

How Much Caffeine Can You Get From A Shot Of Espresso?

A single shot of espresso is usually one fluid ounce of liquid. This amount of espresso will have 62.8 milligrams of caffeine, according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). In comparison, one eight-ounce cup of coffee contains 94.8 milligrams of caffeine, while one eight-ounce cup of green or black tea has from 30 to 50 milligrams.

Because espresso contains a significant amount of caffeine in just one ounce of liquid, you should exercise caution when preparing and drinking an entire French press full of espresso. Respect your caffeine limit while drinking your espresso to avoid feeling jittery for the rest of the day.

What Is Espresso Powder?

Espresso powder is created by dehydrating espresso into granules. Although the name sounds similar to instant coffee, espresso powder is more commonly used in baking. Making espresso with espresso power results in a watered-down version that is nowhere near as tasty as traditional espresso. Save the espresso powder for the oven and make your own shot instead.


On the whole, there are more more ways to make a cup of espresso than you think. You need a bit of research and practice; you can become a master coffee barista at home in no time. Hopefully, this article has offered you a chance to find the best method to create and enjoy your favorite cup of Joe!

Thanks for reading “How To Make Espresso At Home”!

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